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Language, Thought and World in Aristotle. De Interpretatione 1 in the Light of Pseudomorphia

digital Language, Thought and World in Aristotle.
De Interpretatione 1 in the Light of Pseudomorphia
Articolo
rivista RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA
fascicolo RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2018 - 1-2
titolo Language, Thought and World in Aristotle. De Interpretatione 1 in the Light of Pseudomorphia
autore
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Articolo | Pdf
online da 04-2018
doi 10.26350/001050_000043
issn 00356247 (stampa) | 18277926 (digitale)
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Aristotle’s theory of language is studied with regard to the possibility of saying what does not exist, either because one can express falsity, or because one can truthfully speak of nonexistent. According to Aristotle, symbol and sign are not the same: the symbol is a kind of sign, an articulated linguistic sign. Convention is, in a formal sense, the relation of significance from the meaning to the sign, in a material sense, it is the result of the agreement between our experience of the world and the world itself. The relationship that links thought to things cannot be similarity, because if the object is not there, thought cannot look like anything, it should rather be a relation of representation. Πράγματα include entities, but do not exclude non-entities. Taking the example of τραγέλαφος, it may be argued that μὴ ὄντα are both extra-mental and different from absolute nothing.

keywords

Aristotle, Language, Signs, Fictions, Non-Existent Objects