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Bestimmung e Beruf in Friedrich Hölderlin e nel suo tempo

digital Bestimmung e Beruf in Friedrich Hölderlin e nel suo tempo
Articolo
rivista RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA
fascicolo RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2014 - 3
titolo Bestimmung e Beruf in Friedrich Hölderlin e nel suo tempo
autore
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Articolo | Pdf
online da 10-2014
issn 00356247 (stampa) | 18277926 (digitale)
€ 6,00

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The terms Bestimmung and Beruf play a central role in the eighteenth-century philosophical, theological and literary German tradition as keywords for expressing the man’s place in the creation and in the society. Because of their polysemy, however, they are not always clearly distinct from one another, and this has often given rise to ambiguities and reciprocal overlaps. Yet no studies on their proximity and/or distance have been published so far. This paper aims to fill this glaring scholarly gap, focusing on the case-study of Friedrich Hölderlin (1770-1843), who used both terms and moreover coined the concept Dichterberuf. Against the background of a linguistic contextualization, the paper shows how close metaphysics, theology and literature were at that time, explaining how the term Bestimmung became a word applicable to the human being as such, and Beruf became a word applicable to the single individual, or specific categories of individuals, with well-defined cultural, political, and social features.

Keywords: Bestimmung (des Menschen), Beruf, Dichterberuf, Friedrich Hölderlin