Il capitolo XXII del De fato di Alessandro di Afrodisia e la questione del determinismo
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This paper tackles the criticism against stoic determinism in Alexander of Aphrodisias’ De fato XXII and the foundation of the human free will. First of all, the paper discusses Alexander’s analysis of the stoic causality and the incompatibility with free assent. Secondly, it focuses on peripatetic naturalization of fate and the relationship between the structure of cosmos and causality. Infact, maybe that to autexousion is not consistent with the structure kazen. So, the stoic conception might refuse it de facto. It could be rather consistent with the structure pros en: the free will would no more be ignorance of the cosmic Fate but the possibility of making a contingent choise. The paper also analyses the modern debate about the relationship among ignorance, omniscience, indetermination. In conclusion, it suggests that, according to Alexander, the free will is based on contingency and mostly consists in intentions of human actions.
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