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Nature and Fate according to the Aristotelian Tradition: Alexander of Aphrodisia’s Exegesis in Late Antiquity Debate

digital Nature and Fate according to the Aristotelian Tradition: Alexander of Aphrodisia’s Exegesis in Late Antiquity Debate
Articolo
rivista RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA
fascicolo RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2015 - 4
titolo Nature and Fate according to the Aristotelian Tradition: Alexander of Aphrodisia’s Exegesis in Late Antiquity Debate
autore
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Articolo | Pdf
online da 03-2016
issn 00356247 (stampa) | 18277926 (digitale)
€ 6,00

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The identification between Nature and Fate is one of the most important issues in which Aristotle’s Physics has been involved by late antiquity philosophers. My purpose is to prove that the Aristotelian occurrences about the structure for the most part of natural ordering influenced Alexander of Aphrodisias’ conception about freedom and his antideterministic polemics. According to Alexander’s De fato, violations of the necessary arrangement of Nature exist both for physical nature and human behaviours; so, against the Stoics the individual assent is not the logical outcome of a mental habitus in a rational kosmos. Free will entails the capacity of keeping the conditioning of our fate (habits, teachings, past experiences) at a distance. This is the only way we may actually be principle and cause for ourselves because of the features of our acts predetermined not fatally but for the most part.