Spinoza’s Metaphysics of Freedom and Its Essential Paradox - Emanuele Costa - Vita e Pensiero - Articolo Filosofia Neo-Scolastica Vita e Pensiero

Spinoza’s Metaphysics of Freedom and Its Essential Paradox

novitàdigital Spinoza’s Metaphysics of Freedom
and Its Essential Paradox
Articolo
Rivista RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA
Fascicolo RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2022 - 3
Titolo Spinoza’s Metaphysics of Freedom and Its Essential Paradox
Autore
Editore Vita e Pensiero
Formato Articolo | Pdf
Online da 10-2022
Doi 10.26350/001050_000348
Issn 0035-6247 (stampa) | 1827-7926 (digitale)
€ 6,00

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One of the most peculiar features of Spinoza’s philosophy is his radical interpretation of the notion of freedom. Even though it plays a significant role in his metaethics and political philosophy, freedom is, for Spinoza, a deeply  metaphysical notion, rooted in the most fundamental features of his ontology. In this paper, I analyze the internal structure that identifies a being as ‘free’ within Spinoza’s metaphysics. I argue that this structure leads to an internal  paradox, entailing that the very component that allows a being its freedom – its essence or nature – is itself externally determined. I further proceed to resolve this issue indicating how Spinoza’s metaphysics of freedom can accommodate this paradox. I conclude by presenting possible solutions for both Natura naturans and Natura naturata, attempting to integrate the notion of metaphysical freedom with more familiar images of ethical and epistemological freedom.

keywords

Spinoza, Freedom, Finitude, Necessity, Essence

Biografia dell'autore

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee. Email: emanuele.costa@vanderbilt.edu

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