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With the Body and with the Mind. Dynamics and Risks of the Personal Identity

digital With the Body and with the Mind. Dynamics
and Risks of the Personal Identity
Articolo
rivista RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA
fascicolo RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2015 - 1 - 2
titolo With the Body and with the Mind. Dynamics and Risks of the Personal Identity
autore
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Articolo | Pdf
online da 10-2015
issn 00356247 (stampa) | 18277926 (digitale)
€ 6,00

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Since the psyche has been linked to the central nervous system, the relationship between the mind and the brain has been strongly debated, facing the fundamental criticality to refer phenomena of higher complexity to events occurring in systems at much lower level. The systemic approach has represented the occasion to overcome such a criticality. In a system the relationships between these units are more important than the intrinsic properties of each one of them and the mind can be interpreted as a device of the living matter capable of optimizing the relationship between the body and the macro-systems in which it is located. The brain seems to operate through dynamic networks and the cortex appears to define associations in function of synchronization and phase coherence, aggregating relations of properties in consistent processes, operating the construction of objects and the inference of more and more labile entities (concepts). The «health state» is the functional integration either among the components of the mind and the body and between the individual subject and its social group. The mental illness arises when the mind has lost or decreased its ability to system harmonize. The identity of self also may be interpreted in the systemic perspective. The brain dynamics, driven by brain networks functionalities, could generate, along with personal biographical experience, a «global» or «general pseudo-attractor» consisting in the prevailing style of interpretation and reaction to the surrounding reality, as well as the prevailing perception of the internal and external stimuli. The concept of identity however involves also self-reflective abilities of describing consciously yourself as an object of thought by means of symbolic components of cultural derivation, developed over time in a context of relationships with the surrounding environment and with the social group especially. The prevalent reactivity, supported by the catalyzing effect of the pseudo-attractors, may become the focus of introspection and conscious understanding, by which the conditioning of the future by the past personal history is broken by the freedom of the self consciousness.