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Semantic roots of reductionism limits

digital Semantic roots of reductionism limits
Articolo
rivista RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA
fascicolo RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2014 - 3
titolo Semantic roots of reductionism limits
autori
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Articolo | Pdf
online da 10-2014
issn 00356247 (stampa) | 18277926 (digitale)
€ 6,00

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The present work aims to demonstrate some reasons of the explanatory model shift in science, to overcome the limits of reductionism, which does no longer allow a correct understanding of the phenomena it refers to. We will take as example a current debate in medicine, wether it is more adequate to understand cancer in terms of genes or tissue properties. We point out the flaws that affect both theories, each one in its own way, focusing on the observation level each method adopts. Then we widen our perspective to scientific language and its commitment to reality, considering this issue as an interesting one to evaluate correctly our debate. Once granted the difference between referent and meaning, we reach some conclusions on the role of the adequate level of reality explanation to look at for the proper understanding of cancer, that is the mesosystem.

Keywords: reductionism, reference, model, mesosystem, complexity